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Following are general information of vaccinations and malaria. It should not be used without consultation with your travel doctor.
Following are general information so please check and follow instruction of ministry of health and foreign affairs in your country and consult your doctor based on your travel plan.
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), vaccinations against
hepatitis A and typhoid are recommended for most travellers.
Hepatitis A is a liver disease that results from infection with the Hepatitis A virus. It can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe illness lasting several months. Hepatitis A is usually spread when a person ingests fecal matter — even in microscopic amounts — from contact with objects, food, or drinks contaminated by the feces or stool of an infected person.
* Source, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease, caused by Salmonella typhi. It is transmitted through the ingestion of food or drink contaminated by the faeces or urine of infected people.
Symptoms usually develop 1–3 weeks after exposure, and may be mild or severe. They include high fever, malaise, headache, constipation or diarrhoea, rose-coloured spots on the chest, and enlarged spleen and liver. Healthy carrier state may follow acute illness.
Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics. However, resistance to common antimicrobials is widespread. Healthy carriers should be excluded from handling food.
* Source, World Health Organization.
Tanzania requires proof of yellow fever vaccination upon arrival if you are traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever and it is a requirement in some neighbouring countries including Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda etc. However Tanzania no longer officially requires you to carry the certificate unless you are arriving from an infected area.
CDC does not recommend yellow fever vaccine for most travelers to Tanzania. However, you might consider this vaccine if you are staying a long time or will be heavily exposed to mosquitoes. Your doctor can help you decide if this vaccine is right for you based on your travel plans.
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.
Malaria is high risk through Tanzania except high altitude over 2,000m. There is no vaccination against malaria. However, several different drugs are used to prevent malaria. Please consultl a travel health specialist or your doctor whether you use or not use anti-malaria drugs, taking into consideration the relative malaria risk of areas where you will visit as well as potential side effects and cost of available drugs. The best way to prevent Malaria is not to get mosquito bite so anti-insect measures like to use spray, to wear long-sleeved clothes and long pants and sleep a mosquito net should be followed through the trip. After return your country, if you have any flu like illnesses should be investigated by a travel health specialist.
Helpful Internet Resources
International Travel and Health: www.who.int/ith
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